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  • Two Heroes of the Holocaust

    LETTERS Regarding “Recalling a defiant lifesaver” (IHT, July 11): I was interested to read Raphael Minder’s article about the tribute to Aristides de Sousa Mendes, the Portuguese consul to Bordeaux who issued visas that saved thousands of Jews from the Nazi invasion of France. Several years ago, I was honored to join the Raoul Wallenberg [...]

  • Armenian Genocide of 1915: An Overview

    On the eve of World War I, there were two million Armenians in the declining Ottoman Empire. By 1922, there were fewer than 400,000. The others — some 1.5 million — were killed in what historians consider a genocide. As David Fromkin put it in his widely praised history of World War I and its [...]

  • Wallenberg’s Life-Giving Legacy

    Tuesday begins a yearlong celebration of the life of Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who chose not to be indifferent when faced with great evil. Raoul Wallenberg was born 100 years ago into a family of great wealth and influence. He could have remained safely in neutral Sweden during World War II. Instead, as first [...]

  • Shifra Lerer, actress in Yiddish Theater, dies at 95

    Shifra Lerer, who was discovered at age 5 in Argentina by the great Yiddish actor Boris Thomashefsky and went on to become a winsome and wide-ranging trouper of the Yiddish theater for the next 90 years, died on Saturday in Manhattan. She was 95. The cause was a heart attack and a stroke, said Hy [...]

  • The Myth of ‘Never Again’

    Many countries in Europe and North America now require all high-school pupils to learn about the Holocaust. Why? Because of its historical importance, of course, but also because, in our increasingly diverse and globalized world, educators and policy-makers believe Holocaust education is a vital mechanism for teaching students to value democracy and human rights, and [...]

  • The Builder

    It was great reading Deborah Solomon’s interview with Felix Rohatyn (Questions for, Feb. 8). Rohatyn saved the city of New York back in 1975, and his insight and common sense are relevant to our turbulent times. One thing I missed in the interview was the fact that Rohatyn himself had been saved from the Nazis [...]

  • How Democracy Produced a Monster

    To the Editor: Re ”How Democracy Produced a Monster,” by Ian Kershaw (Op-Ed, Feb. 3): The rise of Hitler was indeed a unique episode in history. But we need to remember, as we look at countries where democratic means are used by authoritarian rulers and where human rights are ignored, at best, that during the [...]

  • Johtje Vos, Who Saved Wartime Jews, Dies at 97

    Johtje Vos, a Dutch woman who with her husband hid three dozen Jews in their home during World War II, shepherding them through a tunnel under the backyard and into the woods whenever the Gestapo pounded on the door, died on Oct. 10 in Saugerties, N.Y. She was 97, and had lived in Woodstock from [...]

  • Archive to Expand Access to Files on the Holocaust

    BAD AROLSEN, Germany, Aug. 2 — Like other Holocaust victims, Noemi Ban has gone back numerous times to survey the ghostly field of chimneys at Auschwitz-Birkenau, the Nazi concentration camp in Poland where she and her family arrived in July 1944, and she alone survived. But last May, Mrs. Ban got an even more jolting [...]

  • A Filipino-American Effort to Harbor Jews Is Honored

    Excerpt CINCINNATI, Feb. 12 – It was a time when Jews were frantic to get out of Germany, risking voyages to places they were not sure would accept them and finding doors closed almost everywhere. In Manila, though, a vigorous expatriate cigar manufacturer from Cincinnati had been playing poker and bridge with the likes of [...]

  • A Holocaust Commemoration Both Somber and Hopeful

    DAVID WROE is a bit too British to rhapsodize about his good fortune, but he will let on that he never expected a career in New Jersey to get this good. ”In short, it’s a thrill to get my hands on such quality players,” Mr. Wroe, the 42-year-old conductor of the Westfield Symphony Orchestra, said [...]

  • Acts of Quiet Courage

    Felix Rohatyn knew that he and a handful of relatives had been lucky to get out of Nazi-occupied France in the early-1940′s, when he was 12 years old. But there were details about the harrowing escape that have only recently come to light. Mr. Rohatyn, now 76, is the financier who helped save New York [...]

  • Russia Tells a Bit More About Wallenberg’s Fate

    MOSCOW, Dec. 22 – Russia officially admitted today that Soviet authorities wrongfully imprisoned the Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, who died in a Soviet jail after saving thousands of Jews from Nazi-occupied Hungary in World War II. But the acknowledgment, by the prosecutor general, failed to clarify details surrounding Wallenberg’s death, even though just three weeks [...]

  • The Truth About a Hero’s Death

    Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who saved thousands of Hungarian Jews from the Nazis, vanished mysteriously in January 1945 on his way to the Soviet Army’s headquarters outside Budapest. Now, after decades of official Soviet denials and lies about Wallenberg’s death, a Russian official investigating the case has acknowledged that the heroic Swede was probably [...]