Emilie Guth, France

Emilie Guth, born in 1911, lived in a small village in France called Buste and was the oldest of four children. Her family was Protestant, her mother and grandfather were very religious. Before the war, she had many Jewish friends and even a Jewish boyfriend, which was not well received by other villagers.

By the age of sixteen, Emilie Guth became a nurse. She was working in a children’s home where Jewish refugees were brought mostly from Germany and Poland. She began trying to help the Jews through this institution. When the Germans closed this home she continued the work undercover and she became part of the network called ”Combat.” Her resistance work began in 1942: She was living with her sister and brother-in–law and since they worked, she could spend her time in the Resistance. She was a nurse, therefore it was natural for her to find hiding places for Jews in psychiatric hospitals or in maternity wards. She also got food cards and money, which mostly came from the United States.

Emilie was arrested by the Gestapo in November 1943 and was held for one moth. Later, she believed that they let her go because she was bold and spoke to them in German, but she knew they suspected her being a resistance worker.

Emilie Guth fell in love with Andre Weingarten, a Jewish man who also worked in the Resistance. The war had a terrible end for both of them: There has been a double agent in the Resistance who was telling the Nazis all the plans and operations. This woman took Jews as if to liberate them, but instead she would turn them over to the Germans. Just at the time of Liberation in August 1944 she had Emilie Guth, her brother-in-law and Andre Weingarten arrested because she feared that they could later punish her for what she has done. Emilie Guth was released from prison after a few days. Later, she learned that the French police, who worked with the Germans during the war, had beaten Andre Weingarten to death. Just before liberation, Emilie Guth had become pregnant from Andre´s child.