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  • Letter from Francisco Sousa Mendes

    Santarém, November 2002 Mr. Baruch Tenembaum Founder International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation New York Dear Mr. Tenembaum, I send you these brief, but deeply felt, lines on the occasion of the conferring of the Sousa Mendes 2002 Award, to be presented to the distinguished intellectuals José Ignacio García Hamilton and Nicholas Tozer, as well as the [...]

  • Aristides de Sousa Mendes

    My grandfather was a Portuguese diplomat in Bordeaux, when the Germans occupied Paris in 1940. Thousands of scared people were fleeing the Nazis, trying to get to Spain and Portugal, and from there to the United States. My grandfather asked Salazar, the prime minister, for permission to issue visas for all those people. Salazar refused, [...]