On 5 April 2005, in Buenos Aires, the International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation (IRWF) distinguished world’s greatest mime Marcel Marceau in recognition of his solidarity and courage during the Second World War.
Marceau received a commemorative plaque from IRWF Vicepresident Natalio Wengrower for having saved Jewish children persecuted by the Nazis.
The Nazis uprooted the Jewish residents of Alsace-Lorraine after marching into the region in 1939. Marceau and his family were given two hours to pack their belongings, as they were to be transported to the southwest of France. Instead, the brothers changed their name from Mengel to Marceau and fled to join the underground movement in Limoges, France. Marceau’s father, a kosher butcher, was captured and deported to Auschwitz in 1944, where he was killed.
While in the French underground, Marceau used his artistic skill to change the identity cards of scores of children so they would appear to be too young to be sent to labor camps. He also posed as a Boy Scout leader, and under the pretense of hiking in the Alps, he led children to safety in neutral Switzerland.
After Paris was liberated, Marceau enlisted in the Free French Army, where he was appointed liaison officer to Gen. George S. Patton because of his fluency in English. Word of Marceau’s pantomime antics spread through the troops, and soon Marceau gave his first performance to Americans in an Army tent before 3,000 GIs.
He recounted the experiences of World War II as ”a devastating history of the attempt to destroy an entire nation and people from a nation who pretended to be civilized.”
”We shall never, never destroy evil, unfortunately, but good exists also and has to reach maturity.”, he stated before performing for the last time in Buenos Aires in the ”Teatro Colón” and in the ”Gran Rex” theatre.
Marceau said of Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat saviour of aproximately 100.000 lives during the Shoah: ”To succeed, he was obliged to bribe and blackmail Nazi officials, issuing thousands and thousands of protective passports to save those people from a horrible death.”